Annealed MAP

Changhe Yuan, Tsai-Ching Lu, Marek J. Druzdzel

Abstract

Maximum a Posteriori assignment (MAP) is the problem of finding the most probable instantiation of a set of variables given the partial evidence on the other variables in a Bayesian network. MAP has been shown to be a NP-hard problem [22], even for constrained networks, such as polytrees [18]. Hence, previous approaches often fail to yield any results for MAP problems in large complex Bayesian networks. To address this problem, we propose AnnealedMAP algorithm, a simulated annealing-based MAP algorithm. The AnnealedMAP algorithm simulates a non-homogeneous Markov chain whose invariant function is a probability density that concentrates itself on the modes of the target density. We tested this algorithm on several real Bayesian networks. The results show that, while maintaining good quality of the MAP solutions, the AnnealedMAP algorithm is also able to solve many problems that are beyond the reach of previous approaches.

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Bibtex

@INPROCEEDINGS{Yuan04,
AUTHOR = "Yuan Changhe and Lu Tsai-Ching and Druzdzel Marek",
TITLE = "Annealed MAP",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-04)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Arlington , Virginia ",
YEAR = "2004",
PAGES = "628-635"
}